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    全國英語等級考試三級語法知識:倒裝句種類

    倒裝分兩種:配合語法條例的倒裝,叫“grammatical inversion”;配合強調語勢的叫“emphatic inversion”。

    語法上的倒裝句是強制性的,包括下列 7 種:

    1、疑問句,如:

    Can you do it?

    How old are you?

    When did you know him?

    Why did you elect him as captain?

    Which of these apples do you prefer?

    但疑問代詞做主語時,不必倒置,如:

    Who is your English teacher?

    What happened last night?

    2、表示“愿望”的句子,如:

    May God bless you.

    Long live the king!

    3、“There”引導的句子,如:

    There are many cars on the road.

    There stand some big trees near the river.

    There is a security guard outside the bank.

    4、感嘆句,如:

    How beautiful the flower is!

    What a smart boy you are!

    5、有連接詞“so, neither, nor”的句子,如:

    Tom can ride a bicycle; so can I.

    She can't sing; neither can he.

    John has never been late; nor have I.

    6、省略連詞“if”的條件副詞分句,如:

    Were I you, I would not do such a thing.

    Should the machine break down again, send it back to us.

    Had you worked harder, you would have passed.

    7、“as, however”連接的讓步副詞分句,如:

    Small as the pen is, it is a powerful weapon.

    However busy you are, you should spend some time reading Zaobao weekly.

    談過了語法上的倒裝句,現在談強調的倒裝句。

    Never have I seen such a wicked man.

    On no account must this employee be removed.

    Not until he told me had I heard anything of it.

    No sooner had I left than the rain came.

    Up jumped the puppy.

    In came John.

    Down fell the rotten branches from the tree.

    Out came a woman and her maid.

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    2011年全新版全國英語等級考試標準教程(第四級)

    出版社:高等教育出版社

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